If you work for yourself, either full time, or to generate side income — and you’re wondering how you’re going to plan for retirement…. Read on.
Do you work for yourself? Many of us do these days. Women make good entrepreneurs because they are able to juggle lots of tasks and respond to a myriad of demands. As you polish your entrepreneurial spirit, stash cash in a retirement plan so you’ll have something to show for your hard work. What plan should you chose, and how much can you contribute? Here’s the scoop.
The easiest plan is to establish an Individual Retirement Account, but you can contribute only $2,000 a year. An IRA might be a good choice if you’re just starting out and can afford only minimal contributions. Regular IRAs are tax-deductible, but if you are in a low tax bracket, consider a non-deductible Roth IRA that will grow tax-free instead.
Just as at the burger joints, you can super-size your IRA easily. If you want to contribute more than $2,000 to an IRA, the SEP-IRA (SEP stands for Simplified Employer Pension) will let you plunk 13.04 percent of your net business income into the SEP-IRA, up to $30,000. What’s the catch? You’ll have to cover all employees over twenty-one years of age who have been working for you for the past three years, and that can get expensive. SEP-IRAs are more popular among self-employed business owners with no employees.
This plan also requires that you cover employees, but to a lesser extent. This Savings Incentive Match Plan for Employees (whew, that mouthful of a name is far from “simple”) operates like a simplified 401(k) salary deferral plan with an employer match. It requires you to kick in only three percent of your employees’ wages, and it covers employees who have earned at least $5,000 in two prior years and are expected to earn $5,000 this year. You can put in up to $6,000 for yourself, and your employees can make tax-deductible contributions to the plan as well.
A Keogh plan is the Rolls Royce of entrepreneur retirement plans, but significant red tape is involved. With a Keogh, you can tailor the plan to allow hefty contributions for yourself while requiring much smaller contributions for your employees. With a defined benefit Keogh, you can contribute 100 percent of your salary, up to a maximum of $170,000. But they require the services of an actuary, and you must file a Form 5500 tax report with the IRS on a regular basis.
If you are an employee and your business is a sideline, you should contribute the maximum possible amount to your work 401(k) or 403(b) plan before investing in a self-employed plan. The advantages here are that your employer may match your contributions, the contributions to the 401(k) plan are by painless payroll deductions and most 401(k) plans allow you to borrow from the plan for education, hardships or general purposes.
You can set up any of these plans through most financial institutions, brokerage houses and mutual fund companies. You can find more detailed information on retirement plans for entrepreneurs at the retirement section of quicken.com